Hiding under Furniture

James was hard to find.  Sometimes in the closet, periodically in the hall, randomly in the washroom… and often under my desk.  James knew all the quiet spots.  Spots away from those annoying peers who liked to talk, spots away from the prying eyes of supervisors, and spots away from pencils.

The first few days in my grade 5 classroom I would scan the room to take attendance.  After the first two days I knew to look around to ensure James was on the premises.  His previous well-meaning teachers advised me that he was just a weak kid with social anxieties and to just do my best to get him through.  That was not on my ‘to do’ list.  I wanted to inspire learners!  Ignite fires and feed them books to keep their paths lit on their journeys through life.

Hmm, by week three I was feeling that the fire I aspired to set was being washed away by rivers of fear secreting the firewood away into dark thickets.  It is a difficult thing to undo a core belief that one simply ‘does not fit’.  The trail is lined with obstacles and webs are strung between strong poplars. I trekked on, through, over, until one day I sat beneath my desk.

James was also under the desk, just sitting.  He had stopped hiding outside the classroom after day three when he announced that I was “not scary!”  From that day until the desk (rather under desk) meeting James would conceal himself on shelves, in the cupboard, behind my desk, and sometimes lying under the chalkboard ledge.  We had to find a way to make this more successful.

hiding under desk8

On the morning of our desk meeting, James greeted me cheerfully with his crooked grin as he watched me climb over the footrest and join him under my rather large double pedestal. I sat with him calmly and then began to tell him about my favourite books.  I am a reader; books were and remain my saving place. I could not at that moment think of anything profound to say and so I spoke about what I loved. James listened intently.  He became animated asking me about different topics and he seemed thrilled that I was a history fan.  Now at this point in the class James had not been observed reading, looking for books, or even skimming the multiple titles suggested to him.  But in the quiet and shadowed underbelly of my desk I discovered a reader.  James read!  He read a lot and he read mature novels.  James reveled in the written word.  I thank God for an amazing group of students that day.  Students who just seemed to understand that someone needed my attention and who were willing to provide the time it required.

The following day when I looked for James he was not in his desk.  I peered under my desk and found his grin peeking back at me.  I left him there.  He began to participate in activities, follow instruction, and demonstrate growth after skill building! I designed a personal program to address deficits but to also springboard off James’ vast knowledge and interest areas.  James regularly worked under my desk.  It was a haven safe and secure in a world of unknowns.

I referred James for assessment before the end of October.  I met with his parents along with the school based team to discuss his strengths and weaknesses.  Everyone had something to say about James’ weaknesses but I was more interested in his strengths.  I believed James was above average; gifted. His parents laughed at the suggestion and signed the paperwork for assessment.  They weren’t laughing when we all met with the psychologist following multiple meetings to complete the process.  Parents can also be victims of social expectations, peer pressure, and bullying.  A child that hides must have problems, right?

James was identified as highly gifted with a significant writing and spelling disability.  I was elated for James.  His parents were really lovely caring people who wanted their son to be successful.  They didn’t mean to feel embarrassed by his strange behaviour but endless snickers and stinging comments from friends and family had left them wondering and sensitive.

James shone in his year with me, grew in skill, and developed coping strategies to bolster both social and academic abilities. His amazing gifts were embraced by his classmates and celebrated during discussions.  They had been unaware of his interests and his humour.  Peers clamoured for his attention away from the hiding spots which beckoned James less and less. He was full of ideas for stories and would design extravagant playground games based on living in space.

The following year I was the director of the Gifted Education program.  James was first on my list.  Included in the group was a six-year-old math genius, a 13-year-old language buff, and James.  They were all space fans.  Together they designed a space centre and presented their creation to a College professor.  The professor was astounded at the depth of knowledge, research, and understanding of galactic travel the students had demonstrated.  He felt they had developed a feasible plan.  Wow! The positive response and acknowledgement of hard work and innovative thinking was surprising to James most of all!

In the regular classroom James was struggling.  His teacher in grade six did not believe in differentiating or in allowing tech devices (I recommended the provision of a laptop so James could get his ideas down without the restrictions of his writing disability and a calculator for basic facts). He was failing math despite exhibiting advanced problem solving and critical evaluation of complex data.  His teacher informed me that because James did not know his times tables by heart he would not pass.  Ahhhhhh.  I was so frustrated.  The principal worked with me that year to re-educate the teacher.  It was at James’ expense.  The following year I kept James in my program almost exclusively to allow him time to learn and grow with individualized curriculum and alternative learning opportunities.

James ignited the fire in me to fight for individualized student programming.  My peers often call out “I know!  Differentiate” as I approach them.  I am passionate about student success. I am vocal about the need for implementing varied instructional strategies and employing alternative work spaces.  I have seen James many times since he left the school.  His mom and I are friends on Facebook and James and I have shared stories with laughter.  He is a creative and successful adult.  He is still what many describe as ‘alternative’. I just remember an incredible person with surprising insights who taught me that sometimes learning under desks (or in closets or behind chart stands) is an amazing place to begin explorations, treks, and travels!

Names changed to protect privacy.

© Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites, 2016. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites https://mredmanwrites.wordpress.com/

What matters most in a comprehensive literacy program?

“What matters most in a comprehensive literacy program that meets the needs of diverse learners?”

This is a complex question!  There are a myriad of components of any literacy program.  To identify ‘what matters most…’  That’s tough!  Reviewing my original reflection I am both confirmed in my thoughts and actions and at the same time pushed to do more, learn more and teach more.  Through discussion, class presentations and activities there are several areas which are highlighted for me as key areas of focus for inclusive literacy classrooms and schools.

  1. Vygotskian model
  2. Oral language
  3. Differentiation
  4. Authentic phonics instruction
  5. Schoolwide commitment

It has been, admittedly, a long time since I consciously considered Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development.  Once upon a time it was at the initial planning stage of every lesson, activity and centre.  I am not sure when the conscious thought of ‘the zone’ slipped away?  Despite the slip from my mind, the process has always been present.  I was re-energized to have the model again brought to conscious thought and practiced with explicit application.  When reflecting on student activities or planning for new exercises, I have found myself naming the processes, referencing the model and confirming the strategies for success to be applied for student learning.  Knowing my students, developing relationships and planning for their success is my primary goal.  By explicitly planning for the ZPD I am forced to look deeper to the student abilities, interests and motivators to effectively plan for success.

Integration of ZPD and a Gradual Release Model rang true to me and it indeed reminds me of my role as a mother, as referenced in Johnson and Keier.  Modeling is indeed a required tool to be applied at the right times.  Knowing the right times and recognizing the opportunity for enhanced learning is the result of a bit of intuition, a lot of referencing of experience and drawing upon training and education.  Independence is the goal [1] and should be the on-going objective for all learners.  Setting realistic, achievable learning objectives for students will make independence a reality in small steps or big leaps.  People laugh when I tell them I gave my son his own washer and dryer for his tenth birthday, but that confidence, structured instruction and release of responsibility was my plan for his independence.  I set a goal, defined the realistic and achievable objectives, planned for their success and implemented with confidence.  Today, as the primary care giver of two preschoolers, my son tells me it was the systematic approach, modeling, support and gradual independence that has prepared him for his role as dedicated and responsible parent.

The same basic principles must be applied within the classroom.  Identify needs, set goals, outline objectives, implement the plan… but most of all be flexible!  A flexible educator prepares to be surprised, to be overwhelmed and to be under whelmed.  The goals often change, the objectives need to be refined and implementation plans might need revision.  Flexibility allows the teacher to move with the child in their learning journey.  Often as educators we are busy building bridges, finding supports and lifting ramps for success.  Our goal is always the development of skills and abilities within the learners to find their own roads, choose the paths which present challenges but which can be managed with tools taken on the journey in a tool belt filled by caring, intuitive and responsive teachers.

Self regulation is one of the most important tools and is the result of implementation of language strategies, use and modeling.  [2] Again this echoes the stride for independence.  Language use by the educator, the family, and the student is impactful and should be carefully considered.  I was truly appreciative of the class discussion regarding school language use around student descriptions.  I have entered staffrooms and witnessed disrespectful discussions and characterizations of students.  We must be vocal in our witness to improper behaviour, effect change where we can and educate when we are able.  I am endeavoring to change my reaction to these situations.  I would typically avoid the toxic staff, leave the room or gripe to myself.  I am empowered to speak for the students, to identify my role as a leader and teacher, and to set a positive role model working for student success.

I spent quite a bit of time reviewing the list of questions regarding the Vygotskian Classroom.  I have been empowered in my processes and applications of strategies for student growth.  The basic principles have always been part of my mission.  The discussion and research into language use has been most motivating for me personally.

Oral language is often relegated to primary classrooms or senior debate teams.  As both an elementary and secondary teacher I have always been committed to integration and celebration of oral language in the classroom.  Sharing personal histories, individual journeys, and solitary quests is an integrated way to build social emotional support and affirm student identity.  I was thrilled to read “Floating on a Sea of Talk…” by Kathy Mills.  It both affirmed my own beliefs and confirmed research I have long thought to be true.  A student who is able to share orally is able to self advocate!  That means they are more likely to speak out in situations where they may be at risk for abuse, neglect or speak for their own learning needs in the classroom.  A student with strong oral skills and a strong sense of self (promoted through authentic oral language opportunities) is present for their peers; a conscious and empathetic group member.  Sharing often ends at grade three (sadly sometimes before that) but there is research and support for development of strong oral skills beyond the primary grades for a number of reasons.

Oral language builds better readers!  Oral language improves understanding.  Oral language promotes meta-cognition; student identification of their own thinking strategies. [3] This allows them to then apply those strategies to numerous situations expanding their learning capabilities and adding to that tool belt.

The read-aloud is an important aspect of oral language in the classroom.  A read-aloud can be part of teacher modeling; can be for enjoyment, or for interactive discussion and an effective instructional strategy. [4] Why stop reading aloud?  It shouldn’t be restricted to elementary grades.  I worked this year with a challenging group of students in Communications 11/12.  They were at best described as reluctant readers.  Personal reading selections were not forthcoming so with my team teacher, we decided to read ‘Of Mice and Men’ with them.  We were both apprehensive about how this would go!  I am a firm believer that novels are not required in an effective, literacy rich secondary English classroom, but we were at a loss for engaging this particular group.  The first couple days presented minefields of preparation for the novella… language, setting, background, but we forged ahead!  We decided a read aloud format was the way to go!  I was lifted to this decision by the discussions in our EPSE 464 class and the encouragement of the text and articles I was reading.  We were not prepared for the interest, involvement and interactive discussion from the students as we read the novel.  Students actively stopped us, to discuss language, reflect on passages and make predictions for both the story line and the fate of individual characters.  In reflection of the novella, we would finish a section and model discussions about certain aspects.  The students (who believe me were non participants up to that point) would leap in, start their own discussions and were constantly reflecting on character actions.  They would often ask us to re-read sections.  The scaffolded skills led to rich reflections and active participation in comprehension and extended activities, integrating both the oral language and written work.  [5]We had copies of the novel available for the students but only one foreign student opened his copy.  The other students listened avidly ready to interrupt when they missed vocabulary or were confused about something, leaving the paperbacks sitting in from of them.  They were hungry for literacy, for the shared story.  After that we read ‘Charles’, ‘The Lottery’, and ‘The Invitations’.   Students read, we read, and together some students found courage to read together. The students either loved the stories or hated them – no in between!  But they let us know how they felt and why.  They supported their thinking with textual references, examples and drew on other stories they knew.  As I love picture books and traditional literature and shared them in the class, the students with limited literature background were unafraid to reference childhood stories and experiences.  Students opened up about what they did read outside of school.  It was mostly instruction guides or on-line textual material, but they were reading and talking about it!  All from a 90 year old novella which presented the language and societal taboos which intrigued some disengaged learners.  I am so glad we led by example, modeled and read aloud.

The differentiation described in the text and articles for a literacy rich classroom is exactly what I strive for in my own classroom.  I have always had differentiation as my mission and the confirmation of that core belief in my teaching was both supportive and encouraging.  It encouraged me to seek additional information and research.  I have been motivated to build a differentiated model which secondary teachers can draw on easily for implementation.  It will be an ongoing work for the next while, but I am hopeful to share with colleagues for impactful change, motivating discussion and as always… personal growth and peer development.

Varied learning opportunities, alternate presentation models, changeable groups and centres, provide chances for student instruction, exploration, reflection and peer interaction.[6]  Differentiation is a net cast broadly encompassing backgrounds: social, emotional, economic, cultural, and linguistic.  Learners indeed arrive in all shapes, sizes and with their own baggage.  By actively and authentically differentiating for instruction we provide literacy rich experiences to develop student reading, writing and oral language.  To affect the format needed to work actively within a differentiated classroom, management must be under control.  Student involvement and safety in the learning environment is essential.  The classroom model for management might need to also be varied depending on the cultural expectations within the classroom. [7]

I was most intrigued by the simple formula, presented by Lisa in class, for guided reading.  I have been to numerous workshops, staff retreats on guided reading groups and none were so simply presented as what I saw in the class.  I think sometimes in our zeal to make processes accessible, complexities are added which detract from the student experience. I will be happy to integrate small guided reading groups through regular class instruction.

Within the middle and high school settings, the basis of Project Based Learning provides unlimited opportunities for differentiation and student development of reading, writing, oral language, comprehension, and application of learning.    I am excited to continue  applying the concepts of Tiered activities, Collaborative learning, differentiated instructional models, collaborative instruction and co-planning with literacy coaches at senior levels.[8]  After being away from the traditional classroom for a number of years I am excited to renew my skills, expand my learning and facilitate student success.

Phonics instruction was a taboo in my world.  I was raised in a literacy rich home surrounded by adults who embraced and celebrated the whole language movement.  There existed a genuine distaste for traditional phonics and as we were all avid readers with good levels of literacy,  I thought that was all there was to the argument.  (I was expected to play Scrabble™ at a sufficient level at age 6)  The introduction of phonics instruction in authentic and meaningful ways through the class readings and discussions was itself meaningful to me.  I began to revise my views on integrated instruction, explicit teaching and authentic phonics experiences.  [9]  I am invigorated to implement more strategic phonics instruction which will be meaningful and integrated in reading and writing experiences for the learner!

Finally, a School wide commitment to literacy and student success is needed.  Sometimes it feels like we really do live in our classrooms.  A dedicated staff and a strong administrative team are mandatory for school reform, but reform can be seen incubating in a school where two or more dedicated teachers are collaborating, learning from each other, from their students, where the teachers look for personal growth and learning opportunities.  I loved the model set at Pearson Road Elementary.  Armed with information gathered from our classes, I spoke to the principal I worked with this year about establishing a school commitment to a literacy rich environment.  At the secondary level it is too easy for people to say “They are in grade 11!  They know how to read!”  I heard that lots this year as I worked with students reading at the grade 5 level.  But this principal has been anxious to discuss options and strategies and I am hopeful that the school will begin the development of a growth plan this fall.   Strong principal leadership will set the standard for realistic objectives!  Staff education and professional development will be pivotal to continued development of a school wide program.  The steps laid out by Regie Routman was a jumping point for discussion and planning in my meeting with the principal.  I love the quote “Perhaps the greatest change teachers make on their journey to becoming more effective is to slow down their teaching so they can hurry up the learning for their students.” (Routman, 2014)  Words to live by.

Bibliography

Bursuck, William D., Damer, Mary. (2015). Teaching reading to students who are at risk or have disabilities – chapter 1 [Class handout]. Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

Johnson,Pat., Keier, Katie. (2010), Catching readers before they fall.  Portland, Maine: Stenhouse Publishers.

Kameenui, Edward j. (2015)  Diverse learners and the tyranny of time: don’t fix blame; fix the leaky roof.  [Class handout]. Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

Mills, Kathy A. (2009).  Floating on a sea of talk: reading comprehension through speaking and listening. [Classroom handout]. Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

Routman, Regie. (2012).  Mapping a pathway to schoolwide highly effective teaching [class handout].  Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

Wilkinson, Louise C., Silliman, Elaine R. (2015) Classroom language and literacy learning.[Classroom handout].   Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

Author unknown.  Differentiating for success – chapter 11. [Classroom handout]. Department of Education, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, Canada.

[1] (Johnson, Keier, 2010)

[2] (Johnson, Keier, 2010)

[3] (Mills, 2009)

[4] (Johnson, Keier, 2010)

[5] (Wilkinson, Silliman, 2015)

[6] (Kameenui, 1993)

[7] (Au, 2015)

[8] (Ch. 11 handout from class ‘Differentiating for Success’– no citation available)

[9] (Bursuck, 2015)

© Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites, 2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites https://mredmanwrites.wordpress.com/2015/08/12/what-matters-most-in-a-comprehensive-literacy-program/

Auditory Processing…

Could you hear me above the radio?  the footsteps behind you?  the running water?

Do you discern the rustling paper from the voice at the front of the room?

Has anxiety crept slowly into your world as you struggle to make sense from the barrage of noise?

Put on some headphones, relish the silence, and clear your mind.

Auditory Processing Disability presentation …

APD Presentation

© Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites, 2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites https://mredmanwrites.wordpress.com/2015/07/31/66/

Formative Classroom Assessment Models

There are a variety of formative assessment tools available for teacher integration in the classroom.  The assessment is on-going and directed.  It can be daily or periodical depending on the criteria and the purpose.  It is essential that as educators we recognize the value of assessment criteria; even though the assessment is informal in nature.  Assessment with clear Learning Intentions, Criteria, and Language makes it easier for all students to learn, makes curriculum more accessible and results in teachers working more explicitly.  (Brownlie, 2015)
When choosing assessment tools, I often look at those which are best suited to the specific needs of the student, to make decisions regarding instruction and learning.
Formative assessment is on-going through school programming allowing for a progressive picture of student development which will provide the student with a clear directive of criteria, expectations and a record of material and/or skills which are learned/mastered.  The teacher is able to identify areas which require either direct instruction or group instruction to address deficits or areas requiring re-teaching.
I am an enthusiastic whole language proponent.  As such, I see that the assessment tools I would choose reflect this.  There are of course some skill based assessments which I would utilize and which would provide useful information.  Those would be my choice should it provide the best information for planning student learning!
Today I would like to discuss Anecdotal Records, Conferences, and Think Aloud.  I also believe, although I haven’t actively used Dialogue Journals in my class, that they would be extremely useful and interactive (Gunderson, 2013).

Anecdotal Records:
I find Anecdotal records useful as a record of behavior, skill development history, and knowledge evidence.  Due to the unbiased language and neutral preservation of an event, I am able to reflect on the student and their needs, and to debrief and plan for intervention, instructional planning, behavioral guidelines, and classroom procedures.  When writing an Anecdotal record, one never uses the word ‘can’t’ as it is an unproven indictment of the student – instead make an observation.  For example:  Joey can’t find the table of contents in the math text.  Vs. Joey did not locate the table of contents in the math text.  The second record indicates a skill area to be taught – Voila – instructional plan for the next day!  (Boyd-Batstone, P.)  The Anecdotal record can be utilized in an on-going fashion for instruction, behavior/class management and also as a reference during student, parent and school based meetings.  The records can demonstrate progress made by the student or stagnancy and the need for instructional change.

The process of maintaining Anecdotal records can be time consuming and sometimes educators will find the management of time, notes and observations difficult to accommodate.  It is important to focus the intent of the record on specific content skills, social skills, knowledge or behavior(s) so that time is used efficiently without detraction from whole class management and instruction.

Anecdotal records are neutral and progressive, providing an accurate picture of the student over time!  This is one of my favorite on-going assessment records.  What a great way to build inclusive assessment for feedback, planning, and conferencing.

Behavioral Record General Anecdotal form

Conferences:
A well run student conference, whether it be for writing, reading or math, empowers a student!  Students are able to direct the discussion to areas they are thinking about, get answers to questions they have or ask about skills of which they are not sure.  The teacher and student work collaboratively in a positive manner, encouraging a healthy discussion and building a trusting relationship.

The time required for effective conferencing and the ability of the teacher to meet with each student frequently enough does represent a challenge for some teachers due to class composition and school programming.  A weekly conference is best to plan for skill building, development and feedback.
Student conferences meet the student on their terms, to build their skills and work towards their goals… no matter where they are developmentally.  I incorporate daily conferences during both Math journals and Writer’s Workshop.  Ideally I am able to complete three full conferences for each and sometimes four.  A Conference discussion guide is helpful for teachers starting conferences for the first time.  Additionally, a consistent conference location and a predictable format will build both student confidence and teacher comfort with the process.  This is indeed an inclusive assessment!

I have included a link to a youtube video of an excellent example of a student conference.

Think Aloud:
This assessment is an involved interactive process requiring teacher focus, identified criteria, and specific material.  The verbalization process is an alternative to paper/pen and allows students to both work out their own thoughts and also hear what other students are thinking!  Sometimes this means students are able to look at something in a new way.  Think Aloud also promotes group participation, building on information and extending ideas.  Additionally, the Think Aloud process allows all members a voice and builds group dynamics for success.  The ESL student with little fluency will struggle with this activity as will other students challenged with verbal fluency, however, being included in the group may provide positive group dynamics.  Also, with the encouragement of peers and teacher, the ESL student can be encouraged to share when they are able either verbally or visually and to participate as possible. It is a key element that the guide (typically the teacher) provide on-going written record or a visual referent during the Think Aloud process.  I especially appreciate student led Think Aloud sessions.  Where possible the students produce and discuss the associated visual referent, however, the guide must be ready to do so in order to provide a multi-sensory experience for all learners.

I am apprehensive that this assessment will not be inclusive and will by it’s very nature exclude some students.  It is with careful thought and planning for student needs that this assessment should be utilized in small group instruction, but I do believe that it has merit and value to build thinking strategies, develop divergent thinkers and build meta cognitive skills.

I especially enjoy utilizing Think Aloud during math instruction.  Here’s an example of a math Think Aloud.

In summary, I feel strongly that assessment completed individually, in a variety of modes which allows the student to most genuinely present their thoughts, skills and learning is a more authentic representation of student growth than occasional summative assessments administered on rigid state or district deadlines.

#optout

References
Boyd-Batstone, P. (2004).  Focused anecdotal records assessment: A tool for standards-based, authentic assessment.  The Reading Teacher Vol. 58, No. 3, 230-239.  Retrieved from http://www.learner.org/workshops/teachreading35/pdf/anectodal_records.pdf
Brownlie, Faye (2015, January 12).  The principles of assessment for learning

[video file]

.  Retrieved from:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sgvm1NSyg70
Gunderson, Lee; Murphy Odo, Dennis; D’Silva, Reginald (2013). ESL (ELL) Literacy Instruction: A Guidebook to Theory and Practice, Third Edition. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

© Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites, 2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Michelle Redman and mredmanwriteshttps://wordpress.com/post/87298231/new

Reading Memories,

A Fleeting History of Reading Memories

Reading has been a collaborative effort since early childhood, a process which involved all family members, both immediate and extended.  Books were valued, cherished, revered and kept always at hand.  It was with a sense of calm confidence that my grandparents, parents and uncles referred to the inevitability of my elevation to enlightened reader.  I knew early on that reading was important.  Reading was a way to convey thoughts, ideas, and feelings. 

My relatives read to me often with great emotion, often laughing or crying out… in tune with the literature as we became joined in an eloquent journey.  My grandmother emphasized the engagement with literature, the importance of a sensory involvement.  Thus began my long and winding trail of worlds real, imagined or otherwise created in my head by another’s words. 

The introduction to reading in a traditional education setting was filled with Dick and Jane and their incessant dog…. Ahhhh the boredom!  But I did appreciate the illustrations.  The bright scarlet skirt Jane always seemed to don, the blue which I can still see flashing across the page as Dick ran – where to?  I don’t know. 

It wasn’t until grade 3 and Mrs. Wagga that someone realized I could read beyond the Basal Readers littering the classroom and suddenly the boredom drifted away in the sea of books I was encouraged to explore, review, and share!  Thank goodness for a teacher open to individualized programming, critical literacy and a whole language process which opened my literary world beyond the phonetic readers which confined, limited, and numbed my mind.

© Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites, 2015. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Michelle Redman and mredmanwrites https://wordpress.com/post/87298231/new